Walden, Herwarth

   born Georg Levin (1878-1941), writer, publisher, and art dealer; chief promoter of Expressionism.* Born to a Berlin* doctor, he studied music* in Florence and at Berlin s Stern Conservatory and won a Liszt stipendium as a pianist. Initially pursuing a career in music composition, he founded the Verein fur Kunst (Society for Art) in 1904, in which young au-thors—for example, Heinrich Mann,* Rainer Maria Rilke, Frank Wedekind, and Else Lasker-Schuler* (Walden's wife during 1901-1911, who convinced him to change his name around 1900)—read their manuscripts. He was employed dur-ing 1908-1910 by the theater* magazine Der neue Weg, which released him as too radical. Committed to the idea that culture is a moral force, he founded Der Sturm in March 1910 as a weekly for art and criticism; it was published until 1932. Sturm's first article, written by the Viennese critic Karl Kraus, contained a statement evocative of German art for two decades: "The world becomes more rational every day, which naturally renders its utter stupidity more and more conspicuous.
   With his background in music and theater, Walden was originally little inter-ested in visual art, but he was soon Berlin s most progressive art connoisseur. Sturm began featuring drawings and paintings in its pages, initially focusing on the work of Oskar Kokoschka* but by 1912 providing reproductions from the Brucke and Blaue Reiter groups. Walden opened the Galerie der Sturm in March 1912 with a Blaue Reiter exhibition and soon was circulating shows to towns and cities throughout Western Europe. Between them, the journal and the gallery formed the hub of many Expressionist, Cubist, and Futurist innovations before, during, and after World War I. While Walden had his rivals—Die Aktion,* edited by Franz Pfemfert; Die weissen Blatter, edited by Rene Schickele*; and Paul Cassirer s Pan - Sturm held its own until 1919 as the center of modern art in Berlin.
   Although Sturm evolved during World War I into a school, a publishing house, a lecture series, and a theater, Walden's influence was short-lived after 1918. He was stretched financially: his journal, a monthly in 1918, became a quarterly in 1924, and the theater, lectures, and school were discontinued. Crit-ical of endeavors such as the Arbeitsrat fur Kunst,* he became increasingly enamored of communism. A member of the Society of Friends of Soviet Russia, he emigrated to Moscow in 1932, where he worked as a language teacher and editor of the emigre periodical Das Wort. He was arrested in March 1941 and died shortly thereafter in prison.
   REFERENCES:Brühl, Herwarth Walden; Long, German Expressionism; Selz, German Expressionist Painting; Weinstein, End of Expressionism.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • WALDEN, HERWARTH — (originally Georg Lewin; 1878– 1941), German author and editor. Born in Berlin, Walden studied music in Italy and Berlin. In 1907 he founded a society for the cultivation of the arts (Verein fuer Kunst) – a forum for progressive poets, artists,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Herwarth Walden — Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon, Der Sturm, 1913 Herwarth Walden (de son vrai nom Georg Lewin, né le 16 septembre 1878 à Berlin et mort le 31 octobre 1941 à Saratov en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herwarth Walden — en un dibujo de Emil Orlik. Herwarth Walden (su nombre auténtico era Georg Lewin, Berlín, 16 de septiembre de 1879 Sarátov, 31 de octubre de 1941) fue un artista expresionista alemán y experto en arte en muchas disciplinas. Es reconocido… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herwarth Walden — (actual name Georg Lewin , born September 16, 1879, in Berlin; died October 31, 1941, in Saratov, Russia) was a German Expressionist artist and art expert in many disciplines. He is broadly acknowledged as one of the most important discoverers… …   Wikipedia

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  • Herwarth Walden — Emil Orlik: Bleistift und Federzeichnung von Herwarth Walden, undatiert Herwarth Walden (* 16. September 1878 in Berlin; † 31. Oktober 1941 bei Saratow; eigentlich Georg Lewin) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller, Verleger, Galerist, Musiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walden — Wạlden,   1) Herwarth, eigentlich Georg Levin [ leːviːn, le viːn], Schriftsteller und Kritiker, * Berlin 16. 9. 1878, ✝ Saratow 31. 10. 1941; Sohn eines Arztes, floh als Jugendlicher nach Florenz, studierte Musikwissenschaft; 1901 11 Ȋ mit Else… …   Universal-Lexikon

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